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I. 重点短语

1. at the moment

2. used to

3. for a while

4. walk away with sth.

5. leave for some place

6. sooner or later

7. pay for

8. come up with an idea

9. think of

10. have a try

11. all over the world

12. be famous for

13. large numbers of

14. all the year round

15. no matter what

16. give up

17. for example

18. by the way

19. on business

20. so far

21. come true

22. set off

23. slow down

24. go on doing

25. wait for

26. be proud of

27. be afraid of

28. speak highly of

29. a year and a half

30. half a year

31. pick up

32. as soon as

33. keep… clean

34. take care of

35. cut down

36. make a contribution to

37. base on

38. make sure

39. take away

40. begin with

41. right now

42. as soon as possible

43. leave a message

44. all kinds of things

45. walk around

46. fall asleep

47. wake up

48. go on a trip

49. have a good time

50. take photos

51. come out

52. come on

53. have a family meeting

54. talk about

55. go for a holiday

56 go scuba diving

57. write down

58. by oneself

59. walk along

60. get a chance to do sth

61. have a wonderful time

62. book a room

63. have an accident

64. be interested in

65. use sth. to do sth.

66. make a TV show

67. be amazed at

68. take part in

69. feed on

70. get out of

II. 重要句型

1. Why don’t you do sth.?

2. make sb. Happy

3. borrow sth. from sb.

4. forget to do sth.

5. pay fro sth.

6. return sth. To sb.

7. learn sth. from sb.

8. be famous for sth.

9. No matter what…

10. be with sb.

11. go on doing sth.

12. speak highly of sb.

13. keep doing sth.

14. allow sb. To do sth.

15. encourage sb. to do sth. 16. It is said that…

III. 交际用语

1. --- Excuse me, have you got …?

--- Yes, I have. (Sorry, I haven’t.)

2. --- Why don’t you …?

--- Thanks, I will.

3. --- Thanks a lot. (Thank you very much.)

--- You are welcome.

4. --- Have you ever done…?

--- Yes, I have, once. (No, never.)

5. --- I’ve just done…

--- Really?

6. ---What’s …like ?

7. --- How long have you been…?

--- Since…

8. --- Have you ever been to…?

--- I’ve never been there. (None of us has./ Only …has. )

9. --- Would you like to have a try?

--- I don’t think I can…

10. --- What have you done since…?

11. --- How long have you been at this …?

--- For…

12. --- How long has she/ he worked there…?

--- She’s / He’s worked there for… / all her / his life.

13. --- I’m sorry he isn’t here right now.

14. --- May I help you?

15. --- That’s very kind of you.

16. ---Could we go scuba diving?

17. --- Could you tell us how long we’re going to be away?

18. --- Let’s try to find some information about it, OK?

19. --- Could you please tell me how to search the Internet?

20. --- Go straight along here.

21. ---Please go to Gate 12.

22. --- Please come this way.

23. --- Could you tell me what you think about Hainan Island?

24. --- That sounds really cool!

IV. 重要语法

1. 宾语从句

2. 现在完成时

3. 一般过去时与现在完成时的用法比较:


1. Maybe/ may be

(1) maybe是副词,意思是“大概,也许”,常用作状语。

Maybe you put it in your bag.也许你把它放在包里了。

“Will he come tomorrow?”“Maybe not.” “他明天来吗?”“也许不”。

(2) may be相当于是情态动词may与be动词搭配一起作谓语,意思是“也许是…,可能是…”。

It may be 9:00 when they arrive.他们可能于九点到达。

The man may be a lawyer. 那人也许是律师。

2. borrow/ lend/ keep/ use

(1) borrow表示的是从别人那里借来东西,即我们通常所说的“借进来”。

We often borrow books from our school library.我们经常从学校图书馆借书。

I borrowed this dictionary from my teacher. 我从老师那儿借来了这本字典。


You can borrow my recorder for three days. ( 错误 )

I have borrowed this book for only one week. ( 错误 )

(2) lend表示的是把自己的东西借给别人,即我们通常所说的“借出去”。

Thank you for lending me your bike.谢谢你把自行车借给我。

He often lends money to his brother.他经常借钱给他弟弟。

lend与borrow一样,也是一个瞬间完成的 动作,不能与一段时间连用。

(3) keep的意思也是“借”,但一般是指借来后的保存或使用阶段,是一段持续的时间,因此可以与时


You can keep my recorder for three days.我的录音机你可以借用三天。

I have kept this book for only one week.这本书我才刚借了一星期。

(4) use也可以当“借用”讲,但它的本意是“用,使用”。

May I use your ruler? 我能借你的尺子用一下吗?

He had to use this public telephone.他不得不使用这部公用电话。

3. leave/ leave for

(1) leave意思是“离开,留下”。

We left Shanghai two years ago.我们两年前离开了上海。

He left his cell phone in the taxi last week.他上周把手机落在出租车里了。

(2) leave for意思是“前往”,表示要去的目的地。

We will leave for Tibet next month.我们将于下月去x藏。

The train is leaving for Moscow.这趟火车即将开往莫斯科。

4. since/ for

(1) since用于完成时态,既能用作介词,也能用作连词,后常接时间点,意思是“自从”。

He has been a worker since he came into this city.


I have never seen him since we last met in Shanghai .



Since you are interested in it, just do it. 既然你对它感兴趣,那就做吧。

You can have fun now since you’ve finished your work.


(2) for用于完成时,用作介词,后常接一段时间,意思是“经过…”。

I have learned English for five years.我已经学了五年英语了。

They have waited for you for 30 minutes.他们已经等了你三十分钟了。


They missed the flight for they were late.他们由于完到了而误了航班。

He fell ill for many reasons.他由于多种原因病倒了。

9. except/ besides

(1) except是指不包括后面所提人或物在内的“除了”,可以理解为“撇开…不谈”,表示两部分的不同。

Everyone is excited except me.


All the visitors are Japanese except him.



Twenty-five students went to the cinema besides him.


We like biology besides English.



He is a great thinker, and besides, he is a politician.


They encouraged me, and they supported me with money, besides.


10. keep doing/ keep on doing

(1) keep doing指的是连续地、坚持不断地做某事,中间不间断。

It kept blowing for a whole day.刮了一整天风了。

The temperature keeps dropping.温度持续下降。

(2) keep on doing是指反复坚持做某事,但动作之间略有间隔。

They have kept on writing to each other for many years.他们已经互相通信多年了。

After drinking some water, he kept on talking.喝了一些水后,他坚持讲话。

11. seem/ look

(1) seem一般着重于以客观迹象为依据,意思是“似乎、好象、看起来…”。

The baby seems to be happy.婴儿看上去似乎很高兴。

He seemed to be sorry for that.他似乎为那件事感到抱歉。

seem能与to do结构连用,而look不能。

It seems to rain. 似乎要下雨了。

They seemed to have finished their work.他们似乎已经完成了工作。


It seems that he is quite busy now.他现在看起来很忙。

It seems to us that there is nothing serious.在我看来没什么大不了的。

(2) look用作“看起来;好像”时,常从物体的外观或样貌上来判断,是以视觉所接受的印象为依据的。

The room looks clean.这间房看起来很干净。

The girl looks like her mother.那女孩看起来向她的妈妈。

12. such/ so


Don’t be such a fool.别这么傻。

He is such a clever boy.他是如此聪明的一个男孩。

(2) so是副词,用来修饰形容词或副词。

He is so kind! 他真好心!

Why did you come so late? 你为何回来得如此晚?

当名词前有many, much, few, little等表示多、少时,应该用so。

He has so many friends.他有如此多的朋友。

Only so little time is left! 才剩这么一点儿时间!

13. either/ too/ also


She is not a Japanese, I’m not, either.她不是日本人,我也不是。

My sister doesn’t like this song, either.我妹妹也不喜欢这首歌。


He likes China, too.他也喜欢中国。

Are you in Grade 3, too? 你也在三年级吗?


We are also students.我们也是学生。

He also went there on foot.他也是走着去的。

Did you also want to have a look? 你也想看看吗?


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